Frequently Asked Questions
Intelligence testing is a method used by Clinical Psychologists to measure a child's intellectual capabilities in several specific domains. These domains include verbal comprehension, factual knowledge, abstract reasoning, visual-spatial abilities and short-term memory. Intellectual assessment is a good indication of a child's academic potential. The results of an IQ test rank a child against a very large sample of children the same age. If a child scores in the top 5% for their age group it is reasonable to expect them to be performing within the top 5% academically.
The Wechsler tests for children are the most common individually administered IQ tests. During the testing session a child is asked to solve problems and puzzles and to answer questions about the world. The majority of children enjoy the testing session as it is an engaging process involving novel and fun tasks.
Objective nature of IQ tests
If a child's teacher does not recognise a child’s ability level there may be a need to provide objective documentation of their learning capacity. A report is very useful to share with teachers, so that a parents' opinion is not perceived as biased. A gifted child may miss out on being identified unless an independent IQ test is administered.
Access to educational options
Often IQ testing qualifies children for special educational programs that are only available to students with a demonstrated IQ level in the gifted range. Such educational options include enrichment, extension, acceleration, and mentor programs.
Uncharacteristic behavioural/emotional issues
If a child is bored and under challenged in the classroom there may be a significant discrepancy between their ability level and the ability level of their class-room peers. A bored, gifted child may be showing their frustration by being disruptive in school, refusing to do homework, or displaying uncharacteristic behaviour or emotions. Often very bright children underachieve in order to fit in with their peers. It is helpful to identify giftedness as soon as possible so that a child's environment can be adapted successfully to best fit their ability.
Understanding your child's preferred learning style
Many times parents simply want to understand more about their child's abilities - their cognitive strengths and weaknesses, and preferred learning style (e.g., visual versus verbal learners).
We assess children from 3 to 16 years.
For children over 6 years: The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Forth Edition - Australian Standardisation (WISC-IV) is an individually administered instrument for assessing the cognitive ability of children aged 6 years to 16 years. The WISC-IV is one of the most reliable and valid IQ testing instruments available. It is the most widely used measure of IQ for school placement. The WISC-IV provides scores that represent intellectual functioning in four specified cognitive domains: Verbal Comprehension, Perceptual Reasoning, Processing Speed and Working Memory. The WISC-IV also provides a Full Scale IQ score measuring general intellectual ability.
For children under 6 years: The Wechsler Preschool & Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-III) is an individually administered instrument for assessing the cognitive ability of children aged 2.5 years and 7 years. As with the WISC-IV, the WPPSI-II is one of the most reliable and valid IQ testing instruments available. The WPSSI-III provides scores that represent intellectual functioning in four specified cognitive domains: Verbal IQ, Performance IQ, Processing Speed and General Language. The WPPSI-III also provides a Full Scale IQ score measuring general intellectual ability.
In addition, The Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT-II) assesses academic achievement skills in children from the age of 4 years. Key subtests include spelling, word reading and numerical operations.
Taryn and Carlo offer competitive fees for testing. Please call us to enquire regarding costs involved.
We suggest that you let your child know exactly what will happen in the testing session and focus on the positive outcome. They will be working with a person to find out what they are really good at doing and how they learn – to see if they are verbal or more of a visual learner.
There will be puzzles and blocks to play with, and it is a really fun and enjoyable experience. For younger children, to prepare them for the session you can describe it as something like this: "We're hiring a learning detective who needs some help to find some clues. The detective will do different kinds of thinking games and quizzes - to find out what you do really well, and how you learn best".
A good night’s sleep, low stress morning and a nutritious breakfast is all the preparation children need. There is no way to practice for the IQ test, as all tasks need to be new/novel to the child.
An IQ test can take 1-2 hours.
Generally parents do not stay in the room as they can be a distraction. You are welcome to sit outside the room or get a coffee and return when the session is completed.
We send our report to parents 2-3 weeks after the assessment.